Bolgar

Notes

  • A number of extinct languages are purported to be members of this family. The languages of the Bolgars definitively belong to this branch, and their language is likely the ancestor of Chuvash. Other authors have posited that Avar, Hunnic, and Khazar belong to this branch, although these languages are so poorly attested that it is difficult to be certain that they are Turkic at all.

Tree

Bolgar
    • †Hunnic? (only known from names and titles)
    • †Bolgar, with two varieties:
    • Chuvash, with two main sub-varieties:
      • Anatri (basis of the literary standard)
      • Viryal
  • References

    Róna-Tas, Andras. “Nutshell Chuvash.”

    Bolgar
    Alternate names:Oghur, Oghuric, Lir-Turkic
    Spoken in:Russia, Chuvashia and surrounding regions. Historically widespread throughout Eurasia
    Glottolog