Lena

Characteristics

  • Change of Old Turkic *d to /t/, e.g. Sakha atax 'foot'.
  • Retention of Old Turkic *d as /d/, e.g. Tòfa bedĭk 'tall', Jungar Tuvan kuduruk 'tail'.
  • Preservation of the Old Turkic vowel length distinction. OT short vowels remain short while long vowels are realized as long or as diphthongs:
    Old TurkicSakha
    horse*atat
    name*ātaat
    grass*otot
    fire*ōtuot
  • A consonant shift leading to the loss of /y/ and /s/ in many positions: y → s → h → ∅
    Old TurkicSakhaDolgan
    hundred*yǖzsüüshüüs
    hair*sačasas

Tree

Lena
  • Lena
    Alternate names:Sakha, Yakut, t-Turkic
    Spoken in:Russia; Sakha Republic, Krasnoyarsk Krai
    Glottolog