Turki

Characteristics

  • Change of Old Turkic *d to /y/, e.g. Uzbek åyåk 'foot', Uyghur quyruq 'tail'.
  • Preservation of word-final */G/ after low vowels, e.g. Uyghur yaɣ 'fat', Uzbek tåɣ 'mountain'.
  • Fortition of word-final */G/ after high vowels, e.g. Uyghur eyiq 'bear', Ili Turkic ellik '50'.

Notes

  • Ili Turki occasionally exhibits rounding of word-final */G/ after low vowels (e.g. taw 'mountain'), which is a Kipchak feature. Because this is not consistent, and because lexical and other features are shared with Uyghur and Uzbek, I have placed it tentatively within the Turki branch.

Tree

Turki
  • Ili Turki?
  • Turki
    Alternate names:Karluk, Chagatay, Uyghur-Uzbek, Southeastern Turkic
    Spoken in:Eastern Eurasia from Afghanistan to Xinjiang
    Glottolog