291 entries in lexical database. Click here for all forms in the database.
- Forms marked with an asterisk (*) are from Quanlin et al. and are written in a native Pinyin-based writing system.
- Forms in Quanlin et al. appear to contain a number of suffixes. It is unclear whether words ending in -i, -ou, -eira are contain possessive suffixes or forms of the copula, or whether they are bare roots.
- Salar has three main varieties: Gaizi, Mengda, (the Eastern or Qinghai varieties) and Ili (the Western or Xinjiang variety). Gaizi is the best documented; Ili is treated separately here.
Writing System with Transcription
|b (b)||p (p)||m (m)||f (f)||d (d)||t (t)||n (n)||l (l)|
|ḻ (ð)*||g (g)||g̱ (ɣ)||k (k)||h (x)||j (ǰ)||q (č)||x (š)|
|zh (j̣)||sh (ṣ)||ch (c̣)||r (r)||z (dz)||c (ts)||s (s)||y (y)|
|w (w)||v (v)||a (a)||o (o)||e (ǝ)||i (i)||u (u)||ai (ay)|
|ei (ey)||ui (uy)||ao (å)||iu (yu)||ie (ye)||an (an)||en (ǝn)||in (in)|
|un (wǝn)||ang (aŋ)||eng (ǝŋ)||ing (iŋ)||ong/ung (uŋ)|
|*similar to "th" in though|
|A line under a letter indicates it is voiced clearer and somewhat longer than a letter without such a line. Bold face indicates it is voiced softer and shorter.|
|Because Pinyin is not designed for non-Sinitic languages, it is unclear exactly what values certain letters are intended to represent. A best guess has been made on the basis of the description in Quanlin et al. 1993.|
Dwyer, Arienne. 1998. “The Turkic strata of Salar: an Oghuz in Chagatay clothes?” Turkic Languages 2: 49-83.
Dwyer, Arienne. 2000. “Consonantalization and Obfuscation.” In Goksel, Aslı & Cecilia Kerslake, eds. 2000. Studies on Turkish and Turkic Linguistics. Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Turkish Linguistics. Lincoln College, Oxford, 12-14 August 1998 (Turcologica 46). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp. 423–432.
Dwyer, Arienne. 2007. Salar: a study in inner Asian language contact processes. Part I: Phonology. Turcologica 37.1. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.
Quanlin, MA, MA Wanxiang, and MA Zhicheng. 1993. Salar language materials. Sino-Platonic Papers 43. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia.