Jungar Tuvan

Gloss Citation Form Standardized Form
all büdün
and žäne
animal
apple alma
apricot örük
April žaynïŋ bašïg ay, dörtinži ay
August güsdüŋ orta ay
autumn, fall güs
back kenderbe, oorga
bad bagay bagay
bark (of a tree) žöbüree žöbüree
bear adïg
big žoon, ulug, uluu
black kara
blind sogur sogur
blood xan
blue gök
boat xeme, xayık xeme, xayïk
bone söök
book nom nom
bow (weapon) ža ža
brain mee
bridge göbörüŋ, göwörüŋ göbörüŋ, göwörüŋ
butterfly köbelek, xobogan köbelek, xobogan
camel tebe
cat mıs mïs
center, centre, middle ortu ortu
cheese eešigey eešigey
chest töš
chicken daga daga
child bala
cloud bulut
cold sook
correct, right žige
cow inek
crane duyura duyura
daughter urug urug
dawn daŋ daŋ
day xün, kün
December kïštïŋ suŋay, on iyi ay
deer sïïn
dirt, soil, earth doburak
dirty kirlik
dog ït
donkey elžigen elžigen
door ešik
dream düš düš
dry kurgag
duck (bird) ödürük
dull (as a knife) dıınbas dïïnbas
dust šaŋ, toosun
eagle ezir ezir
ear gulak
east čöön žük
egg žumurga
eight ses
eighty sesen
evening gežee gežee
eye karak
eyebrow kömüsge
eyelash girbik girbik
face arïn
far alïs, ïrak, uzak
fat (noun) üs üs
father aža
February žastïŋ orta ay
few as
fifty bešen
fire ot
fish balïk
five beš
flower čeček, žešek
fly (insect) seek seek
fog bürgök
foot but
for ušun
forest arga
forty dörtün
four dört
fox dilge
fruit žemis
full dolu, dolug
goat öškü
god (generic term) burgan burgan
gold aldïn
good eki
goose kas
grass ot
green gök, nogaan
guts šöyündö
half žardïk
hand xol
he, she, it ol
head baš
heart žürök
heavy aar aar
here borta, mïnda
honey bal bal
horn (of an animal) mïyïs
horse at
house öw
how gaylap
hundred žüs
husband er er
I men
ice doš
iron (metal) temir
January žastïŋ šag ay, žastïŋ baškï ay
July güsdüŋ bašïg ay, žedinči ay
June žaynïŋ soŋ ay, aldïnči ay
kidney büürök
knee disgek
lake köl
leaf galbï
left solgay
leg but
lion arzalaŋ
lip erin
liver baar
long uzun
lung ökpe
man (adult male) er
many göp
March žastïŋ soŋ ay
mare be be
May žaynïŋ orta ay, bešenči ay
meat et
milk süt
money deŋge deŋge
moon ay
most
mother aba
mountain dag
mouse güsge
mouth aas
name at
narrow tar
navel, bellybutton kin kin
near, close žook
neck moyun
new žaa
night dün
nine tos
ninety tosan
north soŋgu žük
nose murun, dumžuk
not emes emes
November kïštïŋ orta ay, on bir ay
now am, käzir
October kïštïŋ baškay, on ay
old erki
one bir
onion sogna sogna
other baška baška
ox buga, šarï
person giši giši
pig kakay, xawan
place žer
rabbit, hare kodan
rain žaškïn
red kïzïl
right (side)
river kem
road, path, way oray
root dazıl dazïl
round duguruk, tögörök
saddle ezer
salt duz
sea dalay
seed ürösün
self bod, bot
September güsdüŋ soŋ ay
seven žeže
seventy žeden
sheep xoy
shirt köylöŋ
short kïska
shoulder egin egin
silver kümüs, möŋgün
six aldï
sixty aldan
skin geš
sky kurmustu kurmustu
small, little biče
snake žïlan
snow xar
soft žïmžak
some key
son ool
south murnuu žük
spring (season) žas
stomach, belly gïrïn, kïrïn
stone, rock daš
straight xadïr
summer žay
sun xün, kün
tail kuduruk
tall bedik
ten on
ten thousand tümen
that ol, dee ol, dee
there ïnda
there is bar
there is not žok
they olar
thick kïlïn
thin aarïk, žiŋge
thirty üšün
this bo, bu
thousand mïŋ
three üš
tiger par-
to ask sura- sura-
to be bol-
to bite ïzï-
to blow ür-
to close žap- žap-
to come gel-
to count sana- sana-
to cut biš-, ges-, kes-
to die öl-
to dig gaz-
to drink iš-
to eat že-
to fall düš-
to find tɪp- tïp-
to flow ak- ak-
to fly uš-
to give ber-
to go bar-
to hear dïŋna-
to hit gak-, sok-
to hold dut-, tut-
to hunt aŋna-
to kill ölür-
to know bil-
to lie (as in a bed) žït
to live žurtta-
to open aš- aš-
to play oyna-
to pull dïrt-, tart-
to push it-
to read kazï-, nomna-
to run žügür-
to say ayt-
to see gör-
to sew daara-
to sing ïrla-
to sit olur-
to sleep udu-
to smell žïdï-
to spit dükür-, tükür-
to split böl- böl-
to squeeze dolga-
to stab šaš-
to stand dur-
to stay gal-
to suck sor- sor-
to swim eštir- eštir-
to take al-
to think boda-
to throw at- at-
to tie bagla-, bog-
to turn (intransitive) dolga-, deskin- dolga-, deskin-
to vomit kus-
to walk žor-
to wash žu-
to wipe žot-
to write biči-
today bögün
tomorrow erten
tongue (organ) dïl
tooth diš
tree ïyaš
twenty žerbe
two iyi
very ödö
warm žïlïg
water suw
we bis
west barïïn žük
what žüü
wheat ak-taraa
when kažan
where kayda
which gaysɪ, kaysɪ gaysï, kaysï
white ak
who kïm
why nege nege
wide algï
wife gatɪn gatïn
wind salgɪn salgïn
winter kïš
with bilen
wolf börü
woman žügäär
wool dük dük
word sös, domak
worm kurt, šoylaškan kurt, šoylaškan
year žïl
yellow sarïg
yesterday düün
you (plural) siler
you (singular) sen
zero nöl
305 forms returned.

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