Western Yugur

Gloss Citation Form Standardized Form
all xosï xosï
and uɕin, puɕin učʼin, pučʼin
animal amïʰtan amïʰtan
ant ʂorɣïʰlc̢ïn ṣorɣïʰlc̣ïn
apple алма alma
April törtïnçï ay törtïnc̣ï ay
arm qol qol
arrow oʰq oʰq
ash kʰul kʰul
August saqïsïnçï ay saqïsïnc̣ï ay
autumn, fall kuz kuz
axe qïmtan qïmtan
back aʰrqa aʰrqa
bad yüs, ʐïq yüs, ẓïq
bark (of a tree) qʰaztïq qʰaztïq
bear xeys̡üŋ xeyśüŋ
beard saqal saqal
bee cona tsona
big pezïk pezïk
bird qus qus
black qara qara
blind tʰelk, tʰeŋïlïk köz tʰelk, tʰeŋïlïk köz
blood qʰan qʰan
blue kük kük
boat c̢uan c̣uan
bone sïmïk sïmïk
book pïʰtïɣ pïʰtïɣ
bow (weapon) oʰq oʰq
brain muŋe muŋe
bread kʰemzï kʰemzï
camel ɕi čʼi
cat mïrïʂ, mïʂ mïrïṣ, mïṣ
center, centre, middle oʰrta oʰrta
cheek yaŋaq yaŋaq
chest tös, qoʰqa tös, qoʰqa
chicken taʰqaɣï taʰqaɣï
child mïla mïla
chin xapazï xapazï
cloud pïlït pïlït
cold tʰot tʰot
correct, right yer yer
cow enik enik
crow, raven qarɣa qarɣa
cup айақ ayaq
daughter qïz qïz
dawn taŋ taŋ
day kʰun kʰun
December ïshkï-yighïrmïnçï ay ïṣkï-yiɣïrmïnc̣ï ay
deer suɣïn suɣïn
dirt, soil, earth turaq turaq
dirty kʰïr kʰïr
dog ïʂt ïṣt
donkey ɕiɣin čʼiɣin
door sïk sïk
dream tïl tïl
dry qʰaq qʰaq
duck (bird) aŋït aŋït
dull (as a knife) tʰoɣ tʰoɣ
eagle sar sar
ear qʰulaq qʰulaq
east untïn untïn
egg tan, ɕitan tan, čʼitan
eight saqïs saqïs
eighty saqïsun saqïsun
elbow ɕʰikinik čʼʰikinik
empty qʰurïɣ qʰurïɣ
evening yiŋïr yiŋïr
eye köz köz
eyebrow kïrmïk kïrmïk
eyelash qïrmïq qïrmïq
face yüz yüz
far uzaq uzaq
fat (noun) kʰur kʰur
father ac̢a ac̣a
feather yüɣï yüɣï
February ïshkïnçï ay ïṣkïnc̣ï ay
few az az
fifty pisun pisun
finger tarmaq tarmaq
fingernail tïrmaq tïrmaq
fire ot ot
fish yür yür
five pis pis
flower xuar xuar
fly (insect) qara c̢ïwïn qara c̣ïwïn
foot azaq azaq
for polɣa, poɣa polɣa, poɣa
forehead alïn, alïm alïn, alïm
forest terik terik
forty törtun törtun
four tört tört
fox tʰulkï tʰulkï
Friday pisïnçï yitï pisïnc̣ï yitï
frog paqa paqa
fruit alma alma
full tʰolï tʰolï
garlic sarïmsaq, samsaq, saŋsiriq sarïmsaq, samsaq, saŋsiriq
goat ʂuku ṣuku
gold aʰltïm aʰltïm
good yaʰʂ yaʰṣ
goose qaz qaz
grape өджұм, өчұм, ұчұм öǰüm, öčüm, üčüm
grass oʰt oʰt
gray, grey kʰultïk kʰultïk
green yaʰsïl yaʰsïl
guts iʰɕikï iʰčʼikï
hair ʂaʐ ṣaẓ
half sïŋar sïŋar
hammer soŋqap soŋqap
hand ïlïɣ ïlïɣ
he, she, it kʊ, o kŭ, o
head paʂ paṣ
heart köŋïl, yürik köŋïl, yürik
heavy salïɣ salïɣ
here mïnta mïnta
horn (of an animal) mus mus
horse aʰt aʰt
house
how niyor, naɣu niyor, naɣu
hundred yüz yüz
husband kuziɣï kuziɣï
I men men
ice pïz pïz
iron (metal) temïr temïr
January pïrïnçï ay pïrïnc̣ï ay
July yitïnçï ay yitïnc̣ï ay
June ahltïnçï ay aʰltïnc̣ï ay
kidney pʰeɣïr pʰeɣïr
knee tïz tïz
knife pïʰc̢aq pïʰc̣aq
lake kʰöl kʰöl
leaf laʰpc̢ïq, lawïr laʰpc̣ïq, lawïr
left sol sol
leg pït pït
lightning c̢as, c̢aʰs c̣as, c̣aʰs
lion arslan arslan
lip tïmsïɣ tïmsïɣ
liver paɣïr paɣïr
long uzïn uzïn
louse pïʂt pïṣt
lung üʰkpi üʰkpi
man (adult male) erin erin
many köʰp köʰp
March ühjinçï ay üʰčʼinc̣ï ay
mare pʰi pʰi
May pisïnçï ay pisïnc̣ï ay
meat iʰt iʰt
milk sut sut
Monday pïrïnçï yitï pïrïnc̣ï yitï
money мінек, мінік minek, minik
moon ay ay
morning taŋ, taŋqar taŋ, taŋqar
mosquito c̢ïwïn c̣ïwïn
most yiŋ, tiŋ yiŋ, tiŋ
mother ana ana
mountain tʰaɣ tʰaɣ
mouse ʂïɣan ṣïɣan
mouth tïmsïɣ tïmsïɣ
name at at
narrow tʰar, ennïs tʰar, ennïs
navel, bellybutton kʰïntïk kʰïntïk
near, close yaqïn yaqïn
neck moyn moyn
needle yiŋni yiŋni
new yaŋï yaŋï
night tʰuni tʰuni
nine toʰqïs toʰqïs
ninety toʰqïsun toʰqïsun
north quzï, quɕaq quzï, qučʼaq
nose qarq qarq
November pïr-yighïrmïnçï ay pïr-yiɣïrmïnc̣ï ay
now am am
October onïnçï ay onïnc̣ï ay
old qʰar, qʰarï, eʰrkï qʰar, qʰarï, eʰrkï
one pïr pïr
onion cʰuŋ tsʰuŋ
other töɣïr töɣïr
ox qunan qunan
person kïsï kïsï
pig qʰawan qʰawan
place yer yer
rabbit, hare tusqan tusqan
rain yaɣmïr yaɣmïr
red qïzïl qïzïl
right (side)
river qol qol
road, path, way yol yol
root yiltïs yiltïs
rope taʰrtïɣ, yataɣ taʰrtïɣ, yataɣ
round toqïr toqïr
saddle ezer ezer
salt tuz tuz
sand qʰom qʰom
Saturday ahltïnçï yitï aʰltïnc̣ï yitï
sea tale tale
self uzï, ïʰsï uzï, ïʰsï
September tohqïsïnçï ay toʰqïsïnc̣ï ay
seven yitï yitï
seventy yitun yitun
shadow kʰeleke kʰeleke
sharp (as a knife) ïʂtïɣ ïṣtïɣ
sheep qoy qoy
shirt c̢ʰamc̢a c̣ʰamc̣a
short qïsqa qïsqa
shoulder yiɣïn yiɣïn
silver kumïs kumïs
six aʰltï aʰltï
sixty aʰltun aʰltun
skin tʰer tʰer
sky tiŋïr tiŋïr
small, little kïʰɕïɣ kïʰčʼïɣ
smoke ïs ïs
snake yilan yilan
snow qʰar qʰar
soft imsaq imsaq
some qaʰʂ qaʰṣ
son oɣïl oɣïl
south yüraq yüraq
sparrow qoʰqaʂ qoʰqaṣ
spider yörïnc̢ï yörïnc̣ï
spring (season) yaz yaz
squirrel küy ʂïɣan küy ṣïɣan
stallion азғыр azɣïr
star yiltïs yiltïs
stick c̢ïmaq c̣ïmaq
stirrup ezeŋkï ezeŋkï
stomach, belly qʰarn qʰarn
stone, rock tas tas
strong kïlap, kuʂtïɣ kïlap, kuṣtïɣ
summer yay yay
sun kʰun kʰun
Sunday yitïnçï yitï yitïnc̣ï yitï
swan aqtan, aq qus aqtan, aq qus
sweat tʰer, tʰerï tʰer, tʰerï
tail quzïrïq quzïrïq
tall örliɣ örliɣ
ten on on
ten thousand ayaq ayaq
that o, ku o, ku
there kunta, anta kunta, anta
there is par par
there is not yoq yoq
they alar alar
thick qʰalïn qʰalïn
thigh pezïk pït pezïk pït
thin s̡iki, yüqa śiki, yüqa
thirty uʰc̢un uʰc̣un
this pu, ku pu, ku
thousand mïŋ mïŋ
three uṣ
throat kuʰtkï kuʰtkï
thunder ulï, ulu ulï, ulu
Thursday törtïnçï yitï törtïnc̣ï yitï
tiger paʰrsï paʰrsï
to ask сура- sura-
to be pol- pol-
to be born toɣ- toɣ-
to bite tïsti- tïsti-
to blow pʰuti- pʰuti-
to breathe or al- or al-
to come kel- kel-
to count sana- sana-
to cut ʂart- ṣart-
to die yül- yül-
to dig qaz- qaz-
to drink ïʂ- ïṣ-
to eat yi- yi-
to fall qʰal- qʰal-
to fear, be afraid qorʰq- qorʰq-
to fight pʰerïs- pʰerïs-
to find taʰq- taʰq-
to float pʰiolal- pʰiolal-
to flow aʰq- aʰq-
to fly uʰk- uʰk-
to give per- per-
to go par- par-
to hear aŋna- aŋna-
to hit pʰer- pʰer-
to hold tuʰt- tuʰt-
to jump pʰoqïr-, pʰoqïrta- pʰoqïr-, pʰoqïrta-
to kill yülïr- yülïr-
to know pïl- pïl-
to laugh kʰul- kʰul-
to learn yörɣin- yörɣin-
to lie (as in a bed) yaʰt- yaʰt-
to live olïr- olïr-
to open aʰʂ- aʰṣ-
to play oyna- oyna-
to pull taʰrt- taʰrt-
to push ïʂt- ïṣt-
to read oŋʂï- oŋṣï-
to rub art- art-
to run qayla- qayla-
to say ti- ti-
to scratch sarma-, tïrna- sarma-, tïrna-
to see kör- kör-
to sew tïʰk- tïʰk-
to sing yerla- yerla-
to sit çʰɔqe- c̣ʰoqe-
to sleep uzï- uzï-
to smell oʰqa- oʰqa-
to spit tʰuti- tʰuti-
to split yar-, azïr- yar-, azïr-
to squeeze sïʰq- sïʰq-
to stab sanc̢ï- sanc̣ï-
to stand örli-, qoʰp-, tur- örli-, qoʰp-, tur-
to stay ɔlir-, qʰal- olir-, qʰal-
to suck yim- yim-
to swell sïz- sïz-
to take al- al-
to think saqïn- saqïn-
to throw tʰayta- tʰayta-
to tie pʰalɣa-, pʰoɣ- pʰalɣa-, pʰoɣ-
to turn (intransitive) yörlï- yörlï-
to vomit qus-, yantïr- qus-, yantïr-
to walk maŋ- maŋ-
to want saqïn- saqïn-
to wash yü- yü-
to weave yiz soq- yiz soq-
to wipe art- art-
to write tïz-, pïʰtïɣ tïz- tïz-, pïʰtïɣ tïz-
today puɣïn puɣïn
tomorrow taɣïn taɣïn
tongue (organ) tïl tïl
tooth tïs tïs
tree terik terik
Tuesday ïshkïnçï yitï ïṣkïnc̣ï yitï
twenty ïʂkun ïṣkun
two ïʂkï ïṣkï
very muli muli
waist pel pel
warm ïsïɣ, yilïɣ ïsïɣ, yilïɣ
water su su
we mïz mïz
Wednesday ühjinçï yitï üʰčʼinc̣ï yitï
west art art
wet ʂïtïq ṣïtïq
what ni ni
wheat tarïɣ tarïɣ
wheel kulu kulu
when qaʰc̢an qaʰc̣an
where qayta, qanta qayta, qanta
which qaysï qaysï
white aq aq
who kʰïm kʰïm
why nati nati
wide ennïɣ, kʰeŋ ennïɣ, kʰeŋ
wife kʰeln kʰeln
wind yil yil
wing qʰanat, qʰanaq qʰanat, qʰanaq
winter qïs qïs
with pele pele
wolf törtiŋ törtiŋ
woman kʰempiʂtïɣ kʰempiṣtïɣ
wool yüŋ yüŋ
word s̡oz šʼoz
year yil yil
yellow sarïɣ sarïɣ
yesterday taɣïn taɣïn
you (plural) selir selir
you (singular) sen sen
361 forms returned.

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