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north

север
Nord, Norden
nord

Doerfer list no. 294

47 entries found.

Language Citation Form Standardized Form
Afghan Uzbek (Sar-e Pol) şamål šamål
Afšār-e Nānakčī šema̮l šema̮l
Altay тÿндÿк tündük
Altay Tuvan soŋɣo:r soŋɣōr
Azerbaijani şimal šimal
Baraba Tatar ай йаҕы ay yaɣ
Bashkir төньяҡ tönyaq
Chanto Uyghur aqər aqər
Chuvash ҫурҫӗр śurśĕr
Crimean Karaim сырт sïrt
Crimean Tatar şimal, sırt šimal, sïrt
Fu-yü Gïrgïs gĭdĭr gïdïr
Georgian Urum sever sever
Halych Karaim сырт sïrt
Ili Salar ʃimal šimal
Ili Turki qu̇t qu̇t
Jungar Tuvan soŋgu žük
Karachay-Balkar север, шимал sever, šimal
Karakalpak арқа arqa
Kazakh солтүстік soltüstik
Khakas алтынзарых altïnzarïx
Khalaj killisiyā, kullisiyā, šimāl, šumāl, šämāl, puštbọhāy, puštbigiblä, yuqqar, yuqqarluq killisiyā, kullisiyā, šimāl, šumāl, šämāl, puštbọhāy, puštbigiblä, yuqqar, yuqqarluq
Kondoma Shor терс йаны ters yanï
Krymchak čafon čafon
Kumyk темиркъазыкъ temirqazïq
Kuu-Kizhi кӱн ӧскӱзӱ kün ösküzü
Kyrgyz түндүк tündük
Mogholi šamal šamal
Mrass Shor қузам quzam
Nogay сырт sïrt
Ös seber seber
Qashqa’i şomal, şumal šomal, šumal
Sakha хоту xotu
Siberian Tatar төнйаҡ, ҡышлыҡ, шамал tönyaq, qïšlïq, šamal
Sonqori šuma̮l šuma̮l
Soyot аъртуу àrtuu
Tatar төньяк tönyak
Teleut тӱндӱк, терс јаны tündük, ters ďanï
Tòfa қаранғаары qaranɣaarï
Trakai Karaim syrt sïrt
Turkish kuzey kuzey
Turkmen demirgazyk demirgaðïk
Tuvan соңгу чүк soŋgu čük
Urum (Azovian) арктос, кыбле arktos, kïble
Uyghur شىمال šimal
Uzbek shimol šimål
Western Yugur quzï, quɕaq quzï, qučʼaq

No obvious candidate for a proto-form. Many native Turkic forms reference the nighttime or darkness (e.g. Bashkir tönyaq literally "night direction", Tòfa qaranɣaarï "toward the dark"), left-hand direction (e.g. Kazakh soltüstik) or an iron pole (around which the stars rotate), (e.g. Kumyk temirqazïq, Turkmen demirgaðïk). These origins are all common throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Most languages have borrowed forms from Arabic شمال (itself derived from a proto-form meaning "left"), e.g. (Uyghur šimal).



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List of English glosses