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ox

бык
Ochse, Stier
bœuf

49 entries found.

Language Citation Form Standardized Form
Afghan Uzbek (Sar-e Pol) okiz okiz
Altay бука buka
Altay Tuvan буга buga
Azerbaijani öküz öküz
Baraba Tatar ӧгис ögis
Bashkir үгеҙ ügeð
Chuvash вӑкӑр văkăr
Crimean Karaim ӧгӱз, бугъа ögüz, buɣa
Crimean Tatar buğa, ögüz buɣa, ögüz
Cuman ogus, seger ögüz, sïgïr
Dåyï hǒkiz hǒkiz
Georgian Urum oqüz ok’üz
Halych Karaim эгиз egiz
Jungar Tuvan buga, šarï
Kalmak быға bïɣa
Karachay-Balkar бугъа buɣa
Karakalpak өгиз ögiz
Kazakh өгіз ögiz
Khakas пуға puɣa
Kipchak Uzbek Үөгьз ẅögĭz
Krymchak ögüz ögüz
Kumandy-Kizhi буга, пуга buga, puga
Kumyk оьгюз ögüz
Kuu-Kizhi буга, пуга buga, puga
Kyrgyz өгүз ögüz
Mishär Tatar ügez, ügüz ügez, ügüz
Mogholi hǫkkų̇z hǫkkų̇z
Mrass Shor пуға puɣa
Nogay оьгиз ögiz
Oghuz Uzbek өкьз ökĭz
Orkhon Turkic 𐰈𐰛𐰈𐰕 öküz
Ös пуға puɣa
Sakha оҕус oɣus
Siberian Tatar үгес üges
Soyot буъһа bùha
Tatar үгез ügez
Tobol-Irtysh Tatar үгес üges
Tòfa буъһа bùha
Tomsk Tatar боға boɣa
Trakai Karaim ӧгюзь ögʼiź
Tuba-Kizhi бука buka
Turkish öküz öküz
Turkmen öküz öküð
Tuvan буга, шары buga, šarï
Urum (Azovian) буға, ӧгӱз buɣa, ögüz
Uyghur بۇقا، كالا buqa, kala
Uzbek ho'kiz hȯkiz
Western Yugur qunan qunan
Xyzyl пуха puɣa

PT exhibits two forms, *(h)öküz/(h)öküŕ and *buqa. These likely referred to castrated and un-castrated adult male cattle, respectively. PT *sïgïr appears to have been a generic term for cattle.

PT *(h)öküz/(h)öküŕ may be a Wonderwort, related to Mongolian үхэр/ᠦᠬᠡᠷ, Proto-Indo-European *uksḗn/*h₂uksḗn/*ukʷsḗn (c.f. English "ox"), and Proto-Kartvelian *usx- "sacrificial bull". This form is more common in southern branches of Turkic.

PT *buqa is more common in Siberian/Kipchak branches of Turkic. It was borrowed into Hungarian as bika "bull"; see also Mongolian бух/ᠪᠤᠬ᠎ᠠ "bull" and буга/ᠪᠤᠭᠤ "deer".



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