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Swadesh list no. 154

42 entries found.

Language Citation Form Standardized Form
Altay талай talay
Azerbaijani dǝniz däniz
Baraba Tatar ténis tenis
Bashkir диңгеҙ diŋgeð
Chuvash тинӗс tinĕs
Crimean Karaim дэниз, дэнъиз, тэниз, тэнъгиз deniz, deŋiz, teniz, teŋgiz
Crimean Tatar deñiz deŋiz
Cuman tengis teŋiz
Fu-yü Gïrgïs dalay dalay
Georgian Urum dyängiz dyängiz
Halych Karaim тэнгиз tengiz
Jungar Tuvan dalay
Karachay-Balkar тенгиз teŋiz
Karakalpak теңиз teŋiz
Kazakh теңіз teŋiz
Khakas талай talay
Krymchak däŋgiz, dengiz, deŋiz däŋgiz, dengiz, deŋiz
Kumandy-Kizhi тенъис teŋis
Kumyk денгиз deŋiz
Kuu-Kizhi тенъис teŋis
Kyrgyz деңиз deŋiz
Lopnor Uyghur deŋiz deŋiz
Mishär Tatar tiñgez, tiñgiz tiŋgez, tiŋgiz
Mrass Shor талай talay
Nogay денъиз deŋiz
Ös тe:ңез, ди:мез tēŋez, dīmez
Qashqa’i därya, behr därya, behr
Sakha муора muora
Salar xej, wuli moren* xej, uli morǝn
Siberian Tatar тиңкес tiŋkes
Soyot далай, дэңгис dalay, deŋgis
Tatar диңгез diŋgez
Tòfa далай dalay
Trakai Karaim тенъгизь, теньгизь teŋgiź, teńgiź
Tuba-Kizhi тенъис teŋis
Turkish deniz deniz
Turkmen deňiz deŋið
Tuvan далай dalay
Urum (Azovian) дэниз, дэңиз, тэңиз deniz, deŋiz, teŋiz
Uyghur دېڭىز deŋiz
Uzbek dengiz deŋiz
Western Yugur tale tale

PT *teŋiz. Chuvash tinĕs is not original, as PT final *z should correspond to final r; likely a later borrowing from a Kipchak language. See, however, Hungarian tenger, which preserves the Bolgar form. Forms like dalay are borrowings from Mongolic languages. The original meaning, referring to a feature not present in the Turkic homeland, may have referred to a very large lake or may have been metaphorical.



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