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  • Chuvash has two main dialects: Anatri and Viryal. The literary language is based on the Anatri dialect, while the Viryal dialect preserves some vowel distinctions that have been lost in Anatri.
  • The voicing distinction is not indicated in native words in the writing system. Stops, affricates, and fricatives are voiced between vowels or before liquids, unless they are written as geminates. The transcription follows the writing system.
  • Previous writing systems used to indicate palatalization. This is not the case for the current system, which only indicates palatalization when a consonant is not followed by a vowel. Palatalization of consonants is otherwise predictable and occurs before front vowels.

Writing System with Transcription

Аа (a)Ӑӑ (ă)Бб (b)Вв (v)Гг (g)Дд (d)Ее (e, ye)Ёё (yo)
Ӗӗ (ĕ)Жж (ž)Зз (z)Ии (i)Йй (y)Кк (k)Лл (l)Мм (m)
Нн (n)Оо (o)Пп (p)Рр (r)Сс (s)Ҫҫ (ś)Тт (t)Уу (u)
Ӳӳ (ü)Фф (f)Хх (x)Цц (ts)Чч (č)Шш (š)Щщ (šč)Ъъ
Ыы (ï)ЬьЭэ (e)Юю (yu)Яя (ya)
Several letters, including those without transcriptions noted, are found only in Russian loanwords.


Róna-Tas, Andras. “Nutshell Chuvash.”

Скворцов, М. И. and А. В. Скворцова. 2002. Русско-Чувашский Словарь: Вырӑсла-Чӑвашла Словарь. Чебоксары: Чувашское Книжное Издательство.

Native name:Čăvašla
Spoken in:Russian, Chuvashia and surrounding regions
Number of speakers:over 1,000,000
Writing system:Cyrillic
ISO 639-3 code:chv
Last update:2023-05-09