Jungar Tuvan

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  • The term 'Altay Tuvan' is employed to refer to both Jungar Tuvan and Tsengel Tuvan, spoken in Mongolia. Ragagnin considers them to be closely related.
  • Jungar Tuvan does not exhibit the pharyngeal effects that are found in other Sayan languages.


Mawkanuli, Talant. 1999. “The Phonology and Morphology of Jungar Tuva.” PhD Diss., Indiana University.

Mawkanuli, Talant. 2005. Jungar Tuvan Texts. Bloomington: Indiana University, Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies.

Ragagnin, Elisabetta. 2009. “A rediscovered lowland Tofan variety in northern Mongolia.” Turkic Languages 13: 225-245.

Jungar Tuvan
Native name:Dïba, Mončak
Alternate names:Soyon, Soyot, Uriankhai, Urangkay, Altay Tuvan, Kök Monchak
Spoken in:China, Xinjiang, Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture, Altay Prefecture
Number of speakers:1,500-,2000
Last update:2024-05-05