Orkhon Turkic

49 entries in lexical database. Click here for all forms in the database.

Writing System with Transcription

𐰀 (a, ä)𐰃 (i, ï)𐰆 (u, o)𐰇‬ (ü, ö)𐰉 ((a)b)𐰋 ((ä)b)𐰑 ((a)d)𐰓 ((ä)d)
𐰍 ((a)ɣ)𐰏 ((ä)g)𐰴 ((a)q)𐰚 ((ä)k)𐰞 ((a)l)𐰠 ((ä)l)𐰣 ((a)n)𐰤 ((ä)n)
𐰺 ((a)r)𐰼 ((ä)r)𐰽 ((a)s)𐰾 ((ä)s)𐱃 ((a)t)𐱅 ((ä)t)𐰖 ((a)y)𐰘 ((ä)y)
𐰸 ((o,u)q(o,u))𐰜 ((ö,ü)k(ö,ü))𐰶 ((ï)q(ï))𐰱 ((i)č(i))𐰲 ((a,ä)č)𐰢 ((a,ä)m)𐰪 ((a,ä)ń)𐰭 ((a,ä)ŋ)
𐰯 ((a,ä)p)𐱁 ((a,ä)š)𐰔 ((a,ä)z)𐰡 ((a)lt)𐰨 ((a,ä)nč)𐰦 ((a,ä)nt)𐰿 (aš)𐱈 (baš)
Tekin's transliteration superscripts are employed to indicate whether a consonant takes back (1) or front (2) vowels, e.g. b¹ = ab, b² = äb. Vowels are indicated uniformly (e.g. always /u/, never /o/).
In addition to the symbols above, there are a number of rare and variant forms. See Tekin for further details.


Tekin, Talat. 1965. "A Grammar of Orkhon Turkic." PhD diss., UCLA.

Orkhon Turkic
Alternate names:Runic Turkic, Orkhon-Yenisei Turkic
Family:Common Turkic
Spoken in:Mongolia, surrounding regions
Number of speakers:extinct
Writing system:Old Turkic alphabet