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  • Sakha is usually divided into two dialects, an eastern 'a' dialect and a western 'o' dialect. The 'a' and 'o' refer to whether or not rounding harmony was historically applied progressively or regressively, e.g.
    • proto-form *xatun 'woman'
    • a-Dialect: xatïn
    • o-Dialect: xotun
  • The literary dialect is based on the o-Dialect as spoken in Yakutsk.
  • Dolgan is a similar variety with its own literary standard. It is sometimes considered a dialect of Yakut. If so, it falls into the o-Dialect group.

Writing System with Transcription

Аа (a)Бб (b)Вв (v)Гг (g)Ҕҕ (ɣ)Дд (d)Дьдь (dʼ)Ее (e, ye)
Ёё (yo)Жж (ž)Зз (z)Ии (i)Йй (y)Кк (k)Лл (l)Мм (m)
Нн (n)Ҥҥ (ŋ)Ньнь (ń)Оо (o)Өө (ö)Пп (p)Рр (r)Сс (s)
Һһ (h)Тт (t)Уу (u)Үү (ü)Фф (f)Хх (x)Цц (ts)Чч (č)
Шш (š)Щщ (šč)ЪъЫы (ï)ЬьЭэ (e)Юю (yu)Яя (ya)
Several letters, including those without transcriptions noted, are found only in Russian loanwords.


SakhaTyla.Ru. 2012.

Approximate location of Sakha speakers in Russia.
Approximate location of Sakha speakers in Russia.
Native name:Saxa tïla
Alternate names:Yakut
Spoken in:Russia, Sakha Republic and surrounding regions
Number of speakers:450,000
Writing system:Cyrillic
ISO 639-3 code:sah
Last update:2023-04-14