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  • Uzbek has a number of very divergent dialects. The variety represented here is the standard dialect based on the Samarkand variety.
  • The Tashkent variety exhibits some striking differences from the main variety, but is still basically a member of the Turki branch of Turkic. Oghuz Uzbek and Kipchak Uzbek are members of their respective branches and are quite different from the literary standard.
  • Uzbek has employed a number of alphabets depending on time period and what variety was considered the standard. The present Latin alphabet is based on the Cyrillic one. Neither is very good at representing Uzbek vowel phonemes. I have attempted to correct this in the transcription scheme, but there are likely some issues with my attempts.

Writing System with Transcription

Aa (ä, a)Bb (b)Dd (d)Ee (e)Ff (f)Gg (g)Hh (h)Ii (i)
Jj (ǰ)Kk (k)Ll (l)Mm (m)Nn (n)Oo (å)Pp (p)Qq (q)
Rr (r)Ss (s)Tt (t)Uu (u̇, u, ü)Vv (v)Xx (x)Yy (y)Zz (z)
Oʼoʼ (ȯ, o, ö)Gʼgʼ (ɣ)SHsh (š)CHch (č)NGng (ŋ, ŋg)
Uzbek vowels tend to differ in the environment of dorsal consonants. Where more than option is given, the first is default, the second is used in the environment of uvular consonants, and the third in the environment of velar.


CTILD. 2011. “Multimedia Uzbek Dialect Dictionary.” Last modified Nov 23.

Dirks, William. Zangori Kema: Uzbek - English dictionary / Inglizcha - O'zbekcha lug'at.

Öztopçu, Kurtuluş, et al. 1996. Dictionary of the Turkic Languages. London: Routledge. 2011. Переводчики, словари, разговорники.

Native name:Oʾzbekcha, Oʾzbek tili
Alternate names:Sart
Spoken in:Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, surrounding regions
Number of speakers:21-26 million
Writing system:Latin, Cyrillic and Arabic also in wide use
ISO 639-3 code:uzn
Last update:2022-03-03