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48 entries found.

Language Citation Form Standardized Form
Altay кеме keme
Azerbaijani qayıq, gǝmi gayïg, gʼämi
Baraba Tatar кӓмӓ kämä
Bashkir кәмә, ҡайыҡ kämä, qayïq
Chuvash кимӗ kimĕ
Crimean Karaim gemi, qayıq, meküp gemi, qayïq, meküp
Crimean Tatar qayıq, sandal, zevraq qayïq, sandal, zevraq
Dolgan lodka, luodka, lotka lodka, luodka, lotka
Dukhan heme heme
Fu-yü Gïrgïs gimĭ gimï
Gagauz kayık kayïk
Georgian Urum tyäqnä, täqnä, lodka tyäk’nä, täk’nä, lodka
Halych Karaim кайык kayïk
Iraqi Turcoman gemi gemi
Jungar Tuvan xeme, xayık xeme, xayïk
Karachay-Balkar къайыкъ qayïq
Karakalpak қайық, кеме qayïq, keme
Karakhanid qayɣuq, oluq, kämi, kemi, učān qayɣuq, oluq, kämi
Kazakh қайық qayïq
Khakas киме kime
Khalaj g͔āyïg͔, käšti g͔āyïg͔, käšti
Kumandy-Kizhi кебе kebe
Kumyk лодка, къайыкъ lodka, qayïq
Kuu-Kizhi кебе kebe
Kyrgyz кайык kayïk
Lopnor Uyghur kemä kemä
Mishär Tatar lotka, kimä lotka, kimä
Mrass Shor кебе kebe
Nogay кайык kayïk
Nogay-Karagash кө̆йме kö̆yme
Old Uyghur kemi kemi
Ös кӓмӓ, қайоқ, қа:йуқ kämä, qayoq, qāyuq
Sakha тыы, оҥочо tïï, oŋočo
Siberian Tatar кәмә, кимә kämä, kimä
Soyot һемә, лоотка hemä, lootka
Tatar көймә, каек köymä, kayïk
Teleut јалчы ӧлӧң ďalčï ölöŋ
Tòfa оӈғоча oŋɣoča
Trakai Karaim кайык, бат kayïk, bat
Turkish tekne, kayık, sandal, gemi tekne, kayïk, sandal, gemi
Turkmen gaýyk, gämi gayïk, gämi
Tuvan хеме xeme
Urum (Azovian) филанча, хайых filanča, xayïx
Uyghur قېيىق، قولۋاق، كېمە، سەندەل qeyiq, qolvaq, kemä, sändäl
Uzbek kema, qayiq kemä, qayiq
Western Yugur 𝼝uan c̣uan
Xyzyl кемя kemä
Yurt Tatar қайық qayïq

boat

лодка Boot, Schiff bateau, barque


PT *kemi. Turkmen has a long vowel here, but

CT *kāyɣuk refers to a smaller boat. Clauson (1975) suggests derivation from *kay-, meaning "to bend", in which case the stern, bow, or both are turned up (like a canoe?). Khalaj and Ös support an initial long vowel, but see also Sakha xoyuux "small boat". The final long vowel here likely reflects the loss of /ɣ/, but it is unclear why the initial long vowel was lost.

Starostin's datbase gives *gẹ̄mi from Proto-Altaic *gḗmo "boat" and *K(i)aj-guk from Proto-Altaic *gằjá "boat pole, oar".


Click on the language name for further information about the language, transcription scheme, and sources consulted.

List of English glosses